Whole-body cryotherapy consti-tutes a process which has an impact on the physiological indices in the human body. A review of academic literature confirms the benefits of cryostimulation in athletic performance and rehabilitation.1
The application of cryogenic temperatures on the muscular system induces a gradual decline in the temperature of the skeletal muscles and simultaneously decreases the blood flow via the capillaries. This prevents from further swelling and causes simultaneously a soothing effect.
Immediately after the exposure to low temperatures the capillaries dilation takes place which increases the perfusion of blood together with oxygen and nutrients into the body. In consequence the process of elimination of metabolic waste products is accelerated.2
Furthermore anti-inflammatory, anti-swelling and pain relieving effects contribute to the elimination of results of training overload.
The regeneration function induced by cryostimulation prepares the body to endure higher load of exercise thus have an impact on better sports results and in turn makes it possible to implement full training cycles.
It was observed that even a unique session of cryostimulation performed immediately after exercise enhanced muscular recovery by restricting the inflammatory process 3. Syndromes of overuse are reduced, recovery time is shortened and the healing process accelerates.
The decrease in muscle spasms not only serves in regeneration process but also facilitates the kinesis therapy and accounts for indisputable aid in rehabilitation.
There are also reports of improved exercise tolerance, expressed by a lower level of lactates, heart rate and increased threshold capacity 4.
What is more the positive effect of cryotherapy on the psyche of those sportily active seems to be of great importance.
The therapy with cryogenic temperatures decreases the irritability, fear and anxiety while simultaneously improves the perception, concentration and resistance of central nervous system to the fatigue.
The following list sums up the key effects of whole body treatments with the use of cryogenic temperatures for sportsmen and sportwomen:
- Elimination of the results of training overload (flaccidity of muscles, regeneration function, analgesic effect, anti-inflammatory, anti-swelling effect)
- Aid in recovery from sport injuries (flaccidity of muscles, regeneration function, analgesic effect)
- Preparation of the body to endure higher load of exercise thus have an impact on better sports results
and in turn make it possible to implement full training cycles
- Acceleration of healing process
- Regulation of muscle tone and decrease of muscle tension/spasms
- Pain relief
- Reinforcement of body immune system
- Maintenance of the pro-oxidant-antioxidant equilibrium
- Mood improvements